Revised Scheme of Law Subjects For CSS Examination – 2016


It is notified for information of aspirants of CSS Competitive Examination that recognizing the need to align the subjects and syllabi of CSS Exam, which were last revised in 1981, with emerging global trends and for netting high talent and quality fabric for the Civil Service, the FPSC, with the approval of the Government, has revised the scheme and syllabi, including that of optional LAW subjects, for the forthcoming CSS Competitive Examination 2016 onwards.



I. Definitions of Crime

II. All Provisions of:

  • Concept of arbitration, arbitration with or without intervention of court and in civil suits.
  • Establishment of Civil Courts with their Original & Appellate Jurisdiction.
  • The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
  • Pakistan Panel Code, 1860
  • Qanun-e-Shahdat Order, 1984
  • Criminal Procedure Code, 1898



I. The Sources of Islamic Law

  • The Quran
  • The Sunnah
  • Ijma
  • Qiyas
  • Ijtehad

II. Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence

III. Islamic Criminal Law

  • Hadd
  • Taz’ir
  • Qisas and Diyat

 IV. Islamic Family Law

  • Marriage
  • Dower
  • Divorce
  • Separation by Repudiation (Talaq)
  • Separation by Mutual Agreement (Khula)
  • Judicial Separation (Faskh)
  • Post-Divorce Maintenance
  • Child Custody
  • Succession

 V. Islamic Law of Contract

VI. Islamic Banking and Insurance

VII. Islamic International Law

VIII. Islamic Law and Human Rights

IX. Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939

X. Muslim Family Ordinance 1961



I. Nature, Origin and Basis of International Law.

  • The Emergence of International Law, Early European Authors, The Nation-State System, The Enforcement of International Law, The Effectiveness of International Law, The Weakness of International Law, The Juridical Basis of International law, The Future of International law and Material Sources of International Law.

 II. Relation between International Law and State Law.

  • Article 38 of the Statute of International Court of Justice, Primary Sources of International Law, Subsidiary Sources of International Law, International Soft Law

III. State in General and Recognition

  • Personality and Statehood in International Law, The Subjects of International Law, Recognition of State and Government in International Law, Recognition of State and Government in National Law.

 IV. The Law and Practice as to Treaties

  • The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

 V. The Settlement of International Disputes.

  • Negotiation, Mediation and Good Offices, Inquiry, Settlement by the United Nations, Conciliation, Arbitration, The International Court of Justice.

 VI. International Humanitarian Law.

  • International and Non-International Armed Conflicts, Non-International Armed Conflict, ‘Combatant’ and ‘Protected Persons’, Protection of Wounded, Sick and Ship-Wrecked Persons, POWs, Civilians, Limitations on the Conduct of War, Limits on the Choice of Methods and Means of Warfare.

VII. The Use of Force

  • The Law before the UN Charter, The Law after the Charter, The Collective Use of Force, The Right of Self-Defence.

VIII. International Institutions.

IX. State Territorial Sovereignty.

X. State Responsibility.

XI. State Jurisdiction.

XII. Succession to Rights and Obligations.

XIII. The State and the Individual.

XIV. The State and the Economic Interest.

XV. Diplomatic Envoys, Counsels and other Representatives.

XVI. War, Armed Conflicts and other Hostilities.

XVII. Neutrality.



I. Law of Contract, 1872

  • Definitions
  • Essentials of a valid contract (Proposal, Acceptance, Consideration, Free consent, Capacity of Parties, Not hereby declared to be Void)
  • Kinds of Contracts (Valid, Void, Voidable, Not Voidable)
  • Variety of Contracts (Contingent, Quasi, Bailment, Pledge, Indemnity, Agency)
  • Performance of Contract, contracts need not to be performed
  • Breach of contract, consequences of breach, damages for breach of contract

 II. Sales of Goods Act, 1930

  • Definitions
  • Differences: Sale & agreement to sell, conditions and warranties, express & implied conditions.
  • Doctrines: Caveat emptor, Nemo dat
  • Right and duties of seller & buyer, rights of unpaid seller

III. Partnership Act, 1932

  • Definitions
  • Essentials of partnership
  • Kinds of partnership (partnership at will, particular partnership, limited partnership)
  • Rights and duties of Partners
  • Relation of partners to third persons (implied authority of partner, doctrine of holding out)
  • Incoming and outgoing partners (minor)
  • Dissolution of firms (compulsory, by agreement, by court, by notice on happening of contingencies)

 IV. Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881

  • Definitions
  • Types of negotiable instruments (Cheque, bill of exchange, promissory note)
  • Parties to instruments, holder & holder in due course
  • Rules (as to negotiation, presentment, payment & interest, discharge, noting and protest, compensation, acceptance, payment for honour)
  • Special rules of evidence
  • Special provisions relating to cheques & bills of exchange (dishonor, duties of banker)
  • Provisions as to foreign instruments

 V. Competition Act, 2010

  • Definitions
  • Prohibition and abuse of (dominant position, certain agreements, discipline, marketing practices)
  • Approval of mergers
  • Competition commission of Pakistan (established, composition, term)
  • Functions and powers of commission
  • Provisions as to penalty and appeals

 VI. Electronic Transaction Ordinance, 2002

  • Definitions
  • Recognition and presumption of electronic transactions (writing, signature, stamp duty, attestation etc.)
  • Electronic documents (attribution, acknowledgement, time and place of dispatch)
  • Certification of service providers
  • Application to acts done outside Pakistan
  • Offences & Nature (false information, false certificates, damage to information system etc)

VII. The Arbitration Law in Pakistan

  • Definitions
  • Appointment, number and removal of arbitrator
  • Award by arbitrator
  • Powers of court upon award (remittance, modification and setting aside of award)
  • Types of arbitration (with or without intervention of court)
  • Stay of legal proceedings in presence of arbitration agreement

VIII. Consumer’s Protection Act, 2006

  • Definitions
  • Consumer Commission (establishment, powers and functions, complaints before commission and disposal)
  • Provisions as to compulsory recall of goods
  • Duties and liabilities of provider of goods (return and refund of goods)
  • Offences and penalties
  • Contract between consumer and provider

 IX. Companies Ordinance, 1984

  • Definitions
  • Types of Companies
  • Fundamental papers of company (Memorandum of association, articles of association, prospectus)
  • Transfer of shares and debentures
  • Management and administration (promoters, share holders, directors, chief executive, auditors)
  • Meetings and proceedings (statutory, general, annual general meeting)
  • Winding up (voluntary, by court)

 X. Electronic Fund Transfer Act, 2007

  • Definitions
  • Payment system and their operation (designation of payment system & revocation, real time gross settlement system, governance & operation arrangement)
  • Payment instruments (designation, issuing and prohibition of instruments)
  • Clearing and other obligations
  • Supervisory Control of state bank
  • Documentation of transfers
  • Notification of error and liabilities of parties
  • Law relating to action before court